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A.F. Parlow Library of Health Sciences

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Evidence-Based Medicine Resources


Evidence based medicine is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research.
     Sackett DL, Rosenberg WMC, Gray JAM, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ 1996; 312: 71-2.

Read the full-text article here:

Five Steps of Evidence-Based Practice:

What is Evidence-Based Medicine?

1. Asking Focused Questions: translation of uncertainty to an answerable question

2. Finding the Evidence: systematic retrieval of the best evidence available

3. Critical Appraisal: testing evidence for validity, clinical relevance, and applicability

4. Making a Decision: application of results in practice

5. Evaluating Performance: auditing evidence-based decisions


Introductory Material and Assessing the Literature:

The following resources contain additional information about evidence-based medicine. They also provide tools for clinical evidence assessment and decision-making.

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine - EBM Resources:

Critical Appraisal Worksheets - Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine:

Evidence-Based Medicine Research Guide - Dartmouth Biomedical Libraries:

Evidence-Based Medicine Research Guide - University of Illinois at Chicago University Library:

Evidence Based Medicine Toolkit - University of Alberta:

Evidence-Based Practice and Critical Appraisal:

Evidence-Based Practice and Health Technology Assessment - HSRIC:


Evidence-Based Resources:

The following evidence-based resources assist you in retrieving the clinical evidence you need.

Bandolier Knowledge:

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: (Must be onsite for access)

Evidence-Based Cardiology : Yusuf

Evidence-Based Dermatology : Gorouhi & Maibach

Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine - Lang & Rowe:

Evidence-Based Orthopaedics:The Best Answers to Clinical Questions - Wright:

Evidence-Based Practice of Anesthesiology - Fleisher:

Health Services/Technology Assessment Texts (HSTAT) - National Library of Medicine:

Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice: Models & Guidelines - Dearholt & Dang:

National Guideline Clearinghouse:

PubMed Clinical Queries:

TRIP Database:

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality - Evidence-Based Decisionmaking

Last updated: April 26, 2016
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